Coeliac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disease caused by proteins in wheat, rye and barley. These proteins are called gluten. Because of some genetic factors, the small bowel of a coeliac does not tolerate gluten, and an immunological inflammation occurs damaging the villi in the small bowel. Due to the damaged villi, the bowel of a coeliac patient cannot utilise nutrients normally. This may lead to a wide variety of symptoms or signs of malabsorption.
For more information on CD and gluten-free diet in English visit Coeliac Uk’s webpage.